The European Spallation Source ERIC is a joint European organisation committed to constructing and operating the world's leading facility for research using neutrons.
On August 31, 2015, the ESS project was established by the European Commission as a European Research Infrastructure Consortium, or ERIC, and is now known as European Spallation Source ERIC. The ERIC legal framework was created by the European Commission in 2009 to facilitate the joint establishment and operation of pan-European research infrastructures like ESS. The European Spallation Source ESS AB operated as a Swedish limited partnership, or AB, owned jointly by the Swedish and Danish governments from 2010 to September 30, 2015.
The European Spallation Source ERIC
ESS officially became the European Spallation Source ERIC on October 1, 2015.
The Founding Members of the European Spallation Source ERIC are the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland. Founding Observers of the European Spallation Source ERIC, who intend to become Members in the near future, are Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom.
A Pan-European Project
ESS is currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, and the Data Management and Software Centre (DMSC) is based in Copenhagen, Denmark. The international orientation of ESS can be seen throughout the entire organisation. The Lund-based staff now includes employees from nearly 50 different nations.
To succeed in its mission ESS relies also on the expertise of its Partners from across Europe, and also from other areas of the globe. ESS has a large network of laboratories to exchange knowledge, personnel and experience with, and that in many cases will contribute directly to the project through In-Kind Contributions (IKCs). IKCs are expected to finance more than 35 per cent of the total €1.843 billion (2013) construction costs.
When the ESS User Program begins in 2023, an estimated two to three thousand visiting scientists will come to ESS annually to perform experiments. Most users will be based at European universities and institutes, and others within Industry.