crystal diffraction pattern

Science & Instruments

The goal of scientific excellence drives the European Spallation Source project. At the heart of the ESS scientific user programme is the ESS instrument suite, together with sample environment equipment, user labs and data analysis support.

  • Instrument Suite
  • Instruments in Construction
  • Installation
  • User Program

Instruments for ESS and their support infrastructure are under development with a high level of community involvement through in-kind and collaboration, ensuring a long-term connection to the neutron science community and engagement with the users of tomorrow.

On these pages, the work to build the instrument suite and the supporting infrastructure is demonstrated, along with the technological research and development projects enabling these next-generation neutron instruments to maximise the scientific potential of the ESS facility. The staggering range of science areas that will benefit from ESS is highlighted, with examples of the current science being done with neutrons.

Science Using Neutrons

The development of the European Spallation Source is driven by the research needs of the European scientific community.

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Fifteen instruments for science are included in the ESS construction project. Each instrument is unique, optimised for obtaining particular kinds of scientific data.

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Data Management & Software Centre

The Data Management and Software Centre (DMSC) is responsible for Scientific Computing and Scientific Data Management at the European Spallation Source. DMSC is based in Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Instrument Technologies

The Instrument Technologies Division provides the technological tools required for the design, construction and operation of the neutron instruments at ESS.

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Science Support Systems

The Scientific Activities Division will provide ESS Science Support Systems that include sample environment equipment, scientific laboratories and a future user office.

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Workshops & Facilities

ESS maintains a number of facilities for R&D, including workshops in Lund, test beamlines in Germany and Norway, and a thin films coating facility in Linköping.

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The Science Directorate is responsible for delivering the instruments and the scientific infrastructure needed for ESS to become a vibrant scientific hub in the years to come.

To that end, the directorate is organised into five divisions: Scientific Activities, Neutron Instruments, Instrument Technologies, Data Management and Software Centre and NSS Project Office.

Staff working at directorate level:

Andreas Schreyer

Director for Science


Tina Nordqvist

Personal Assistant


Sindra Petersson Årsköld

Senior Advisor on policy, communication and strategy


The NSS Project Office is responsible for coordinating, integrating and facilitating the work of the In-kind partners involved in the delivery of the neutron scattering instruments, together with NSS internal technical and scientific resources.

Providing engineering support, project management and oversight, processes and procedures, the Scientific Projects Division will host the instrument construction projects for the ESS.  

Bringing together the resources and tools needed to design, engineer, fabricate, construct and install the instruments, we shall work with the instrument scientists, in-kind partners, and technology groups to bring to the instruments from concepts to working instruments.

Shane Kennedy

Deputy Science Director


Iain Sutton

Neutron Scattering Systems Senior Engineer


Gábor László

Neutron Instruments Lead Engineer


Zvonko Lazic

Neutron Scattering Systems Integration Engineer


Peter Sångberg

Systems Engineer


NSS In-Kind Office

The NSS In-Kind Office works closely with the NSS Project Leader and the NSS work package coordinators. The main task of this office is to help maximise the In-Kind potential for the project, ensuring at the same time that the ESS In-Kind procedures are followed and implemented.