In-Kind Contributions

About 30% of ESS' construction budget will be realised by means of in-kind contributions from European Partners.

An in-kind model on the scale of the European Spallation Source has never been attempted in a European Big Science project, and it will serve as a model for such projects in the future.

ESS is working with more than 40 European partner institutions, and more than 130 collaborating institutions worldwide under the in-kind model.

With the In-kind model, partners (on behalf of their national governments) supply equipment, design documentation, personnel or other services to support the construction of ESS. Once completed and accredited, these In-Kind Contributions (IKCs) count, alongside direct financial contributions, towards the overall contribution from a particular member country. The model ensures that key technologies are cultivated and enhanced in member states supporting national institutes and industry. IKCs help foster the political goodwill and collaboration required for large international projects.

As the success of ESS to a great extent depends on schedule performance, in-kind agreements are on the critical path. In total, about 30% of the ESS construction cost will be supplied through IKCs. In particular, significant parts of the scientific instruments, the Target Station, and the Accelerator will be delivered as IKCs.

As of May 2022, ESS had nearly M€550 signed in-kind agreements and direct procurements from In-Kind Contributors. This total represents more than 180 contracts with ESS partner institutions.

IKC Agreements

The in-kind process explained. Click to enlarge.

These are the In-Kind Contribution (IKC) Agreements that have so far been signed between ESS and its Partners. The agreements listed below are shown with different statuses. Firstly, ‘Endorsed’ for those agreements that have only been endorsed by the ESS In-Kind Review Committee, secondly ‘Approved’ for those that have been further approved by the ESS Council, and thirdly ‘Accredited’, for those agreements that have been completed and the cost book value accredited by ESS Council to the IK partner’s member country.

The totals of each category of IKC are:
Completed/Accredited: €43 530 163
Approved + German Procurements: €462 955 051
Endorsed: €44 262 113

Ref.
 

Country
 

IKC Partner
 

Work Package  Description 
 

Status

Cost Book Value (kEUR)

AIK 2.1

Italy

Elettra

Linac Magnets

Approved

6 785.00

AIK 3.1

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT)

Endorsed

4 552,29

AIK 3.4
 

France

CEA

Radio-Frequency Quadrupole  

Approved

8 710.00

AIK 3.5
 

Italy

INFN Catania

Ion Source and Low- Energy Beam Transport  

Approved

  4 543.00

AIK 3.6
 

Italy

INFN Legnaro

Drift-Tube Linac with BPMs, BCMs

Approved

16 761.00

AIK 3.7

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Installation, Testing, and Commissioning of the MEBT

Endorsed

      400.00

AIK 4.1

France

CNRS

Spoke Cryomodules

Approved

17 451.00

AIK 5.1
 

France

CEA

Elliptical Linac H-ECCTD, High Beta Elliptical cavities and cryomodule demonstrator

Approved

  4 294.00

AIK 5.2
 

France

CEA

Elliptical Cryomodules Components Supply

Approved

38 618.00

AIK 5.3
 

France

CEA

Elliptical Cryomodules Engineering and Assembly

Approved

19 395.00

AIK 5.5

France

CEA

Technical assistance in installation and commissioning of the medium and high beta cryomodules

Approved

      600.00

AIK 5.6
 

Italy

INFN Milano

Medium Beta Elliptical Cavities, Fabrication and Testing

Approved

11 150.00

AIK 5.7

United Kingdom

STFC, Daresbury

High-beta elliptical cavities,  fabrication and testing

Approved

25 248.73

AIK 6.1
 

Poland

NCBJ

Gamma Blockers

Accredited

      136.84

AIK 7.1
 

France

CEA

Emittance Measurement Unit for the low energy beam transport

Accredited

      311.00

AIK 7.2
 

France

CEA

Beam Diagnostics (Doppler Shift Measurement for Low-Energy Beam Transport)

Accredited

78.00

AIK 7.3
 

France

CEA

Non-invasive profile monitor

Approved

1 546.39

AIK 7.4

Italy

Elettra

Wire Scanner Acquisition

Accredited

563.00

AIK 7.6
 

Norway

University of Oslo

Beam Diagnostics Imaging Systems

Approved

2 041.00

AIK 7.9
 

France

CEA

Neutron beam loss monitor

Approved

1 180.00

AIK 7.11

United Kingdom

Cockcroft Institute

Preliminary Design Evaluation of the Target Imaging Optical System

Accredited

100.00

AIK 8.1

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

RF for Warm Linac

Endorsed

6 644.00

AIK 8.2
 

Poland

PEG

LLRF System Units

Approved

4 877.00

AIK 8.3

United Kingdom

STFC, University of Huddersfield

RF Distribution/Superconducting linac waveguides and directional couplers

Accredited

16 730.00

AIK 8.4

Hungary

Atomki

RF Local Protection System

Approved

2 200.00

AIK 8.6
 

Poland

IFJ PAN

RF Installation Phase 1 and Phase II

Approved

5 281.20

AIK 8.7
 

Poland

Warsaw UT

Phase-Reference Line

Approved

1 470.00

AIK 8.8

Poland

IFJ PAN

Support work for installation, testing and commissioning

Approved

972.00

AIK 10.1

Poland

IFJ PAN

Manpower for cryomodule tests in Lund

Approved

6 949.80

AIK 11.1

Poland

Wroclaw UT

Cryogenic distribution line, elliptical linac and test stand

Approved

6 650.00

AIK 11.2

France

CNRS

Cryogenic Distribution Line; Spoke Linac

Approved

2 448.00

AIK 11.3

Poland

Wroclaw UT

Cryogenic distribution line, test stand

Accredited

540.00

AIK 12.1

United Kingdom

STFC, Daresbury

Linac Warm Units (LWU)

Approved

10 812.00

AIK 14.1

Norway

Bergen University

Ion source expert

Accredited

216.00

AIK 17.1

Estonia

Tallinn University of Technology

Design, Development and Experimental Evaluation of the High Voltage Power Converter Module for IOT Modulator

Accredited

50.00

AIK 17.2

Italy

Elettra-INFN

Power Converters for Magnets to the ESS Linac

Accredited

2580.00

AIK 17.3

Poland

IFJ PAN

Power Converter Systems of the ESS Linac Project (PC Installation Phase I & II)

Approved

313.20

AIK 17.6

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Klystron Modulators for RFQ and DTL

Endorsed

3 450.37

AIK 17.7

Italy

Elettra-INFN

Spoke RF Power Stations

Approved

19 451.00

 

 

 

ACCSYS TOTAL (kEUR)

 

 256 068.81

Ref.
 

Country
 

IKC Partner
 

Work Package Description
 

Status
 

Cost Book Value (kEUR)

IIK 01
 

France

CEA

Controls for ESS warm linac Proton Source and LEBT

Approved

850.00

IIK 05
 

France

CEA

Controls for RFQ

Approved

768.00

IIK 14.3.2 #1

Norway

IFE

ICS Logbook management

Accredited

122.00

IIK 14.3.2 #2
 

Norway

IFE

Alarms Management

Accredited

143.00

IIK 14.3.2 #3

Norway

IFE

Client software development for the integrated control system (Logbook and Alarms)

Accredited

281.00

IIK 14.4 #6

Switzerland

PSI

Digital Controller Board Development

Accredited

4 004.70

IIK 14.4 #8
 

Estonia

Tallinn University of Technology

EPICS EtherCAT driver/slave development

Approved

564.00

IIK 14.4.2 #3

Estonia

Tallinn University of Technology

FPGA IOC

Approved

562.00

IIK 14.4.3 #1

Poland

Łódź University of Technology

IPMI EPICS BLM & RTM Software and Firmware Development

Approved

450.00

IIK 14.4.4 #1

Estonia

Tallinn University of Technology

Timing Systems Components

Approved

515.00

IIK 14.5

Switzerland

ZHAW

Machine Protection and Personnel Safety Core Components

Approved

2 700.00

IIK 14.7.1

Norway

IFE

Main Control Room Conceptual Design

Accredited

250.00

IIK 14.7.1 #2

Norway

IFE

Control Room Stage 2 Design

Accredited

485.00

IIK 14.7.1 #3

Norway

IFE

Control Room Stage 3 Implementation

Approved

36.90

IIK 14.7.2 #1

Norway

IFE

Server and Storage

Accredited

700.00

IIK 14.7.3 #1

Estonia

Tallinn University of Technology

Cybersecurity assessment, development, training & Risk Assessment

Approved

108.00

IIK 14.7.3 #2

Norway

IFE

ICS Network

Accredited

1 529.00

IIK 14.10.4 #1

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT) integration

Endorsed

963.26

IIK 14.10.5 #1

Italy

INFN-Legnaro

DTL Control Systems

Approved

480.00

IIK 14.11.1 #1

Germany

FZJ

Target Monitoring Plug Control System

Completed Procurement

166.95

IIK 14.12.1 #1

United Kingdom

STFC, Daresbury

 Detector Control Software

Approved

185.00

 

 

 

ICS TOTAL (kEUR)

 

15 863.81

Ref.

 

Country

 

IKC Partner

 

Work Package Description

 

Status

 

Cost Book Value (kEUR)
 

NIK 2 #1

France

LLB

MAGIC - Magnetic Single Crystal Diffractometer - Instrument Concept

Accredited

71.10

NIK 2 #2 

Italy

National Research Council of Italy

OPUS USANS

Accredited

50.00

NIK 2 #3

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Beam Transport Optimisation for the Extreme Condition Diffractometer

Endorsed

20.00

NIK 2 #4

Hungary

Wigner

Miracles at ESS: Optimisations of the back-end of the backscattering instrument

Accredited

14.00

NIK 2 #7

France

LLB

VSANS add-on

Accredited

80.30

NIK 2 #8

Germany

FZJ

Secondment of a Scientist (Werner Schweika) to NSS

Signed Procurement

671.13

NIK 3 #1

Estonia

Tartu University

Set-Up for Laser-Neutron Pump-Probe Experiments

Accredited

196.00

NIK 3.3 #1

United Kingdom

STFC

User Labs

Accredted

1 000.00

NIK 3.3 #2

Estonia

Tartu University

Radiological Materials Glove Boxes for Neutron Scattering Experiments

Approved

70.00

NIK 3.5 #1
 

Norway

Bergen University

DEMAX - Macromolecular Crystallisation

Accredited

305.00

NIK 3.6 #2

Estonia

Tartu University

Workplan FLUCO #1 for 2 Gas Process Handling Systems

Approved

440.00

NIK 3.6 #3

Estonia

Tartu University

Laser pump probe follow project Laser Pump Probe 2

Approved

91.00

NIK 3.6 #4

Estonia

Tartu University

Humidity chamber for neutron SANS measurements

Approved

120.00

NIK 3.6 #5

Estonia

Tartu University

Stopped flow Unit for neutron SANS measurements

Approved

120.00

NIK 3.6 #6

Estonia

Tartu University

Electrochemistry Cells for Neutron Measurements

Approved

86.00

nik 3.7 #1

France

LLB

High Pressure Sample Environment Systems

Approved

690.77

NIK 3.8 #2

France

LLB

Design, Procurement, Manufacturing and delivery of a 8T vertical magnet and low temperature inserts

Approved

1 650.00

NIK 4 #1

Switzerland

PSI

Experimental Control Software

Approved

748.80

NIK 4 #2

United Kingdom

STFC

Data Reduction and Experiment Control Framework Development

Approved

     1 620.00

NIK 4 #3

United Kingdom

STFC

Data Streaming Infrastructure

Accredited

1 296.00

NIK 4 #4

Switzerland

PSI

Data Curation

Accredited

654.00

NIK 4 #5

Switzerland

PSI

Data Analysis & Modelling Software for Imaging

Approved

470.82

NIK 4 #11

Germany

FZJ

Data Analysis & Modelling (FZJ)

Approved

791.00

NIK 5.1 #6

Germany

FZJ

Standardised High speed choppers

Signed Procurement

460.00

NIK 5.1 #7

Germany

FZJ

Choppers control system integration

Signed Procurement

300.00

NIK 5.2 #2

Italy

National Research Council of Italy

CEMENT4ESS

Accredited

75.00

NIK 5.2 #3

Italy

National Research Council of Italy

CERAMIX4ESS

Accredited

25.00

NIK 5.3 #5

Germany

FZJ

Test Package for Linear Motion Technology

Approved

758.00

NIK 5.2 #7

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Training of Motion Control Engineer (ES)

Endorsed

97.20

NIK 5.3 #8

Hungary

Wigner

Training of Motion Control Engineer (HU)

Approved

187.80

NIK 5.3 #10

Germany

FZJ

Robotics Sample Changer Platform

Approved

677.00

NIK 5.4 #1

Italy

National Research Council of Italy

GEM Detectors

Accredited

500.00

nik 5.4 #3

Germany

Hereon

Am-CLD demonstrator detector

Completed Procurement

672.20

NIK 5.4 #4

United Kingdom

STFC

Detector Readout

Approved

2 962.00

NIK 5.4 #5

Hungary

Center for Energy Research

Optimisation of signal to background ratio for neutron detectors

Accredited

75.00

NIK 5.4 #10

Hungary 

Center for Energy Research

Detector simulation effort

Accredited

60.00

NIK 5.4 #11

Norway

IFE

Test experiments with neutron instruments at the Jeep II reactor and contribution to the ESS Test  beamline team

Accredited

230.00

NIK 6.3 #1

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Secondment of a mechanical engineer to LOKI

Endorsed

54.00

NIK 6.3 #2

United Kingdom

STFC

Instrument LOKI Phase II - IV

Approved

9 807.19

NIK 6.4 #1

France

French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission

NMX Robotic Positioning Systems for Neutron Detectors and Sample

Approved

798.40

NIK 6.4 #2

Hungary

Hungarian Academy of Sciences - Centre for Energy Research

Optics for NMX

Approved

1 770.50

NIK 6.4 #3

France

LLB

NMX Detector Positioning Robot, Preliminary Study

Accredited

56.40

NIK 6.4 #4

Hungary

Wigner

NMX Chopper system

Accredited

24.00

NIK 6.4 #5

Hungary

Wigner

Secondment of a mechanical engineer to support the NMX Instrument Design effort

Accredited

182.80

NIK 6.4 #6

Hungary

Wigner

NMX Neutron Optics Engineering Design

Accredited

30.00

NIK 6.4 #7

Estonia

Tallinn University of Technology

Detector Electronics for the NMX Detector

Approved

90.00

NIK 6.4 #8

Hungary

Center for Energy Research

NMX Shielding System

Approved

160.00

NIK 6.4 #9

Hungary

Wigner

NMX Control System 
Architecture Study

Accredited

46.00

NIK 6.4 #10

Hungary

Wigner

Secondment of an instrument scientist to support the NMX Instrument Construction effort

Accredited

53.34

nik 6.5 #1

Germany

FZJ

Instrument ODIN - Transition to Odin

Completed Procurement

126.00

NK 6.5 #2

Switzerland

PSI

Phase I and Transition to ODIN

Accredited

87.00

NK 6.5 #3

Germany

TUM

Instrument ODIN Phase II-IV

Approved

6 905.00

NK 6.5 #4

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument ODIN Phase II-IV

Approved

4 146.00

nik 6.6 #1

Germany

Hereon

Instrument BEER - Phase I

Completed Procurement

236.00

NIK 6.6 #2

Czech Republic

UJF

Instrument BEER Phase I

Accredited

235.85

nik 6.6 #3

Germany

Hereon

BEER Phase II-IV

Approved

7 097.74

nik 6.6 #4

Czech Republic

NPI

BEER Phase II-IV

Approved

5 939.46

NIK 6.7 #1

France

LLB

Instrument SKADI Phase I

Accredited

200.40

NIK 6.7 #3

Germany

FZJ

Instrument SKADI Phase II-IV

Approved

5 466.60

NIK 6.7 #4

France

LLB

Instrument SKADI Phase II-IV

Approved

5 434.60

nik 6.8 #1

Germany

FZJ

Instrument DREAM - Phase I

Completed Procurement

352.55

NIK 6.8 #2

France

LLB

Instrument DREAM Phase I

Accredited

75.31

NIK 6.8 #3

Germany

FZJ

Instrument DREAM Phase II-IV I

Approved

9 480.94

NIK 6.8 #4

France

LLB

Instrument DREAM Phase II-IV I

Approved

2 621.20

nik 6.8 #5

Germany

FZJ

Development and Prototyping of the Detector for the DREAM instrument

Signed Procurement

600.00

NIK 6.9 #1

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument ESTIA Phase I

Accredited

530.00

NIK 6.9 #2

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument ESTIA Phase II-IV

Approved

11 270.00

NIK 6.10 #1

France

LLB

Instrument C-SPEC Phase I

Accredited

212.54

nik 6.10 #2

Germany

TUM

Instrument C-SPEC Phase I

Completed Procurement

271.72

NIK 6.10 #3

Germany

TUM

Instrument C-SPEC Phase II-IV

Approved

7 978.00

NIK 6.10 #4

France

LLB

Instrument C-SPEC Phase II-IV

Approved

6 100.54

NIK 6.11 #1

United Kingdom

STFC

Instrument FREIA Construction Phase I

Accredited

680.00

NIK 6.11 #2

United Kingdom

STFC

Instrument FREIA Phase II-IV

Approved

9 303.35

NIK 6.13 #2

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument HEIMDAL Phase I

Accredited

2.50

NIK 6.13 #3

Norway

IFE

Instrument HEIMDAL Phase I

Accredited

45.70

NIK 6.13 #4

Norway

IFE

Instrument HEIMDAL Phase II-IV

Approved

3 407.85

NIK 6.13 #5

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument HEIMDAL Phase II-IV

Approved

4 741.05

NIK 6.14 #2

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument BIFROST Phase I

Accredited

8.80

NIK 6.14 #4

Hungary

Wigner

Instrument BIFROST Phase I

Accredited

8.80

NIK 6.14 #5

Norway

IFE

Instrument BIFROST Phase I

Accredited

60.40

NIK 6.14 #6

France

LLB

Instrument BIFROST Phase I

Accredited

50.60

NIK 6.14 #9

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument BIFROST Phase II-IV

Approved

3 670.60

NIK 6.14 #10

France

LLB

Instrument BIFROST Phase II-IV

Approved

1 532.91

NIK 6.14 #11

Norway

Institute for Energy Technology

Instrument BIFROST Phase II-IV

Approved

 954.34

nik 6.15 #1

Germany

FZJ

Instrument T-REX Phase I

Completed Procurement

295.00

NIK 6.15 #2

Italy

National Research Council of Italy

Instrument T-REX Phase I

Accredited

102.65

NIK 6.15 #3

Germany

FZJ

Instrument T-REX Phase II-IV

Approved

12 339.35

NIK 6.15 #4

Italy

National Research Council of Italy

Instrument T-REX Phase II-IV

Endorsed

4 113.00

NIK 6.16 #1

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Instrument MIRACLES Phase I

Endorsed

423.50

NIK 6.16 #3

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Instrument MIRACLES Phase II-IV

Endorsed

11 524.25

NIK 6.17 #1

Italy

National Research Council of Italy

Instrument VESPA Phase I

Accredited

361.00

NIK 6.17 #2

United Kingdom

STFC

Instrument VESPA Phase I

Accredited

20.00

NIK 6.18 #1

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument MAGIC Phase I

Accredited

98.00

nik 6.18 #2

Germany

FZJ

Instrument MAGIC Phase I

Completed Procurement

75.00

NIK 6.18 #3

France

LLB

Instrument MAGIC Phase I

Accredited

242.00

NIK 6.18 #4

France

LLB

Instrument MAGIC Phase II-IV

Approved

6 536.30

NIK 6.18 #5

Germany

Jülich

Instrument MAGIC Phase II-IV

Approved

3 041.20

NIK 6.18 #6

Switzerland

PSI

Instrument MAGIC Phase II-IV

Approved

2 095.00

NIK 6.24 #1

Hungary

MTA Wigner

Secondment of a Mechanical Engineer

Accredited

27.68

 

 

 

NSS TOTAL (kEUR)

 

184438.38

Ref.
 

Country
 

IKC Partner
 

Work Package Description
 

Status
 

Cost Book Value (kEUR)

TIK 2.1

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Target Wheel

Endorsed

8 360.00

TIK 2.2

Czech Republic

UJF

Target He Cooling System

Approved

5 590.00

TIK 3.1

Germany

FZJ

Moderator & Reflector Plugs

Completed Procurement

4 700.00

TIK 3.2

Germany

FZJ

Cryogenic Moderator System (LH2)

Completed Procurement

4 532.30

TIK 3.4

Germany

FZJ

NBEX

Approved

4 002.70

tik 4.1

Germany

FZJ

Target Monitoring Plug

Completed Procurement

1 136.00

TIK 4.2

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Proton Beam Instrumentation Plug

Endorsed

540.00

TIK 4.3

Italy

National Research Council of Italy

Irradiation Module

Accredited

285.80

TIK 4.4

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Proton Beam Window

Endorsed

890.00

TIK 4.5

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Monolith Vessel

Endorsed

4 680.00

TIK 4.9

Spain

ESS Bilbao Consortium

Tuning Beam Dump

Endorsed

2 480.00

TIK 5.1

Czech Republic

Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS

Primary Water Cooling Systems

Approved

2 491.21

tik 5.1 Proc

Czech Republic

Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS

Additional Work for Primary Water Cooling Systems

Completed Procurement

270.91

TIK 5.2

Czech Republic

Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS

Intermediate Water Cooling  Systems 

Approved

2 588.78

tik 5.2 Proc

Czech Republic

Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS

Additional Work for Intermediate Water Cooling Systems

Completed Procurement

131.41

TIK 5.3

Czech Republic

Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS

TS HVAC

Approved

7 608.16

tik 5.3 Proc

Czech Republic

Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS

Additional Work for TS HVAC

Completed Procurement

265.92

TIK 6.1

United Kingdom

STFC

Active Cells

Endorsed

25 451.49

TIK 6.2

Hungary

CER

Manufacturing and Delivery of Casks, Hoists and EC&I for the Target Station

Approved

7 416.07

 

 

 

TARGET TOTAL (kEUR)

 

93 193.08

Downloads

PHOTO: ESS Accelerator Ion Source and Low Energy Beam Transport Line at INFN-LNS (INFN)