Journal of Archaeological Science
The investigation of Indian and central Asian swords and through neutron methods
- The morphological and microstructural features of wootz steel were analyzed.
- Analysis was performed by using non-destructive neutron methods: neutron imaging and neutron diffraction.
- Specific microstructural features in steel were identified as anisotropy in cementite and its specific spatial distribution.
In this work we present the analysis of the micro-structural features of ancient Indian blades carried out by neutron tomography and neutron diffraction. The results provide a clear identification of the different types of steel used to produce such weapons. Among them, only a small proportion of the large number of swords produced in India were made of hypereutectoid patterned steel, namely wootz, also (misleadingly) known as “Damascus...