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On-Site Weekly Updates

Below you will find week-by-week updates issued from the ESS construction site.

Civil Construction 2015Civil Construction 2014Early WorksAerial Views

Civil Construction 2016

 
Week 26 — 27 June 2016
The last section of retaining wall was cast for the Accelerator tunnel (G01). Stairs were installed in the emergency exits, and a stair tower in the CTL tunnel. The tower provides access to the Gallery building (G02) Cold Box area. In G02, roofing in section 5 was completed. Internal works continue in the Cryo Control Office, including elevator installation. Ventilation work is ongoing in the two large halls of the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04). Installation of prefab culvert from G04 to the CTL gallery continues. Two of the seven 9-meter long ramps between the Beamline Gallery (E02) and Experimental Hall 3 (E01) were cast. A Section Handover Inspection (SHIN) was performed on the completed Primary substation (H05) building.
 
The last section of the retaining walls is cast for the Accelerator tunnel. PHOTO: ESS
 
Prefab culvert between the Gallery building and the Cryo-Compressor Building is nearly complete. PHOTO: ESS
 
Ramp between the Experimental Halls is ready for casting. PHOTO: ESS
 

Week 25 — 20 June 2016
Refill continued in the Dog-Leg section and on top of the Accelerator tunnel (G01). Reinforcement work is ongoing for the drop hatch of the Front End Building (FEB). In the Gallery building (G02), steel and concrete works continue in section 6 and 8, and roof installation in section 5. For the Target building (D02), reinforcement work continues on the Monolith West base slab. Installation of the cryo culvert connecting the Gallery building and Cryo-Compressor Building (G04) is ongoing, while the bottom slab and walls are complete. The roof slabs, which will form a future removable walkway of the facility, are currently being placed. Facade work on the backside of G04 has also commenced.

Reinforcement work on the base slab of the Front End Building. PHOTO: ESS

Facade of the Cryo-Compressor Building. PHOTO: ESS

Reinforcement in Monolith West. PHOTO: ESS

Installation of removable walkway connecting the Gallery building and Cryo-Compressor Building. PHOTO: ESS

Week 24 — 13 June 2016
The final two vaults for stubs 21 and 22 were cast for the Accelerator Tunnel (G01). Preparations have begun to convert the drop hatch of the Front End Building (FEB) into a permanent access point to the Linac. Interior work continues in the Gallery building (G02), including installation of an elevator, and flooring in section 4. Facade work has started on the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04). For Target, one-third of the Installation Gallery works such as flooring, wall, and prefab roof castings are completed. Experimental Hall 3 (E01) received another bottom slab, and a retaining wall is being built to connect E01 and the Beamline Gallery (E02).

The Installation Galleries in Experimental Hall 2 and concrete pilings in the Beamline Gallery. PHOTO: ESS

View of the Target building. PHOTO: ESS

Week 23 — 6 June 2016
The steel frame was completed for the ground level building of the HEBT Loading Bay. Temporary weathering protection has been installed for the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04) as it awaits facades. Preparation has also begun for the CTL connection of the Gallery building (G02) and G04. In the Target area, preparation commenced for the first section of bottom slab in Monolith West. Blinding was cast for lab buildings (D06, D07) and steel core piling continued in the Utility area. Casting of the third bottom slab in Experimental Hall 3 (E01), and first blinding of the Beamline Gallery (E02) ramp completed. Roof flashing works continue in the Central Utility Building (H01).

Overview of Gallery building and Cryo-Compressor Building. PHOTO: ESS
 
Steel core piling in the Utility area of Target. PHOTO: ESS
 
View of Experimental Hall 3 and Beamline Gallery. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 22 — 30 May 2016
Installation of large concrete elements began in the HEBT Loading Bay of the Accelerator tunnel.  Flooring was cast in section 3 of the Gallery building (G02). Backfill is ongoing on either side of the Target building for the Experimental Halls (D01, D03). Concrete works are beginning for the ramps connecting Experimental Hall 1 (E01) and the Beamline Gallery (E02). To date, one-third of the concrete pilings are completed in the Beamline Gallery. MEP installation has also started in the Linac Hall of the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04) in sections of the Gallery area and Cold box.
 

HEBT Loading Bay of Accelerator tunnel. PHOTO: ESS

Topfill being applied to the Accelerator tunnel. PHOTO: ESS

Casting a wall for the Experimental Hall. PHOTO: ESS

Week 21 — 23 May 2016
Reinforcement and casting work for stubs 21-26 as well as backfill from emergency exit 31 to the Front End Building (FEB) continued for the Accelerator tunnel (G01). In the Gallery building (G02), activity is underway in several areas, including finishing work in section 1 of the Cryo office, and erection of steel structures on the FEB end, and sandwich panels in sections 4 and 5. Painting has begun in the Linac Hall of the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04). Just outside the building, the gas storage area had the first section of the bottom slab cast. Excavation for ramps is ongoing in the Beamline Gallery (E02), as well as laying of pipes in the road from Experimental Hall 3 (E01) to the circular road.

Cranes near the Front End Building of the Accelerator tunnel. PHOTO: ESS
 
Cryo Compressor building ready for facade work to begin. PHOTO: ESS
 
Ongoing form work at the Target station. PHOTO: ESS

Week 20 — 16 May 2016

Work was completed for stubs 1-20 and 27 of the Accelerator tunnel (G01). Ventilation duct installation is ongoing for the cold box and loading area of the Gallery building (G02). In the Target area, refill has begun for the tunnels of the Installation Gallery in Experimental Hall 1 (D01). This included the erection of a bridge to allow access for transportation to Target across the tunnels of Experimental Hall 2 (D03). Excavation for lab building (D07) was also completed. The first flooring slab for Experimental Hall 3 (E01) was made ready for casting.

Installation of ventilation ducts in the cold box hall of the Gallery building. PHOTO: ESS
 
Tower crane in the Target area. PHOTO: ESS
 
First bottom slab of Experimental Hall 3 is ready for casting. PHOTO: ESS
 

Week 19 — 9 May 2016
A milestone was reached in the Hot Cell area of Target with the completed casting of all 63 bored piles. Backfill is progressing in all areas around the Accelerator tunnel (G01), and steel structuring has begun for the HEBT Loading Bay. Concrete flooring is finished in the first section of the Klystron Gallery (G02), and Substations 5 and 6 are ready for refill work to begin. Installation of AcoDrain and reinforcement work for the first base slab are ongoing in Experimental Hall 3 (E01). For the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04), flooring slabs as well as the edge beam in the gas storage area were cast.

The final two of 63 large-diameter piles were cast in the Hot Cell area of Target. PHOTO: ESS
 
Steel beams erected for the HEBT Loading Bay. PHOTO: ESS
 
Reinforcement work for Experimental Hall 3. PHOTO: ESS
 

Week 18 — 2 May 2016
The final roof slab of the Dog-Leg emergency exit of the Accelerator tunnel (G01) was cast. Interior work, including plasterboard installation and painting, is ongoing in the large Gallery building (G02). For the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04), progress is being made on flooring reinforcement of the gas storage area, and raised access flooring in the substation section. In the Target and Experimental Halls areas, over 4,000 concrete piles are now complete. The edge beam of Experimental Hall 3 (E01) was cast, and piping for radioactive water was installed.

Structural completion of the Dog-Leg emergency exit. PHOTO: ESS
 
Reinforcement works ongoing for the Cryo-Compressor Building. PHOTO: ESS
 
Blinding and reinforcement for Experimental Hall 3. PHOTO: ESS
 
Piping installed for Experimental Hall 3. PHOTO: ESS
 

Week 17 — 25 April 2016
Reinforcement and Acodrain works progressed on the ground-level building of the HEBT Loading Bay. Preparation for base slab casting continues in the Linac Hall of the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04), as well as  the installation of roof membrane, and painting in the substation area. Experimental Hall 3 (E01) received the first blinding for the floor. At Target, 52 bored piles are completed with 8 total remaining, and one third of the concrete works are finished for the installation galleries (D01, D03) of the Target building. Pre-inspection, the step before Handover inspection and release to ESS, is currently ongoing in primary substation (H05).

Backview of the Cryo Compressor Building. PHOTO: ESS
 
Reinforcement works for the ground floor of the HEBT Loading Bay. PHOTO: ESS
 
Blinding laid for the flooring of Experimental Hall 3. PHOTO: ESS
 

Week 16 — 18 April 2016
The HEBT Loading Bay received base-level reinforcement, and backfill operations initiated for the Dog-Leg, Front End Building (FEB), and other areas of the Accelerator tunnel. Installation of prefab metal roofing also began in the server hall section of the Central Utility Building (H01). In the Target area, steel core piling continues in the Utility area, and 6 of 21 bored piles are complete in the Hot Cell area. Reinforcement work is progressing in Experimental Hall 3 (E01). Excavation and cabling is ongoing nearby Distribution Substation (H06).

Backfill work around the Accelerator tunnel. PHOTO: ESS
 
Installation of steel roofing in the server area of the Central Utility Building. PHOTO: ESS
 
Large-diameter bored piles in the Hot Cell area of the Target station. PHOTO: ESS
 
Area with concrete piling cleaned near Experimental Hall 3. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 15 — 11 April 2016
The Accelerator tunnel was structurally completed end-to-end from the FEB to the the Dog-Leg section, and celebrated during a ‘topping off’ ceremony. In the large Gallery building (G02), steel erection is ongoing, and detailed excavation is taking place in Substation 7 and 8. Reinforcement is being applied to the gas storage area of the Cryo-Compressor building (G04). In the Monolith area, all 42 large-diameter bored piles are now completed, and steel core piling has begun in the nearby Utility area. For the Target building, work continues in the Installation Galleries, with prefab top slabs installed in Experimental hall D03. Basement excavation of Substation D06 and Lab building D07 is also finished.
 
Final vault is cast in the Dog-Leg section to complete the Accelerator tunnel. PHOTO: ESS
 
Beam dump area in the Dog-Leg section. PHOTO: ESS
 
Prefab work on the large Gallery building. PHOTO: ESS
 
Preparation of remaining piles in the Monolith area. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 14 — 4 April 2016
The final vault of the Accelerator tunnel (G01), located in the Dog-Leg section, will be cast early this week. Prefab work is largely complete and metal roofing has been installed in the large Gallery building (G02). Casting of the floors in the Cold Box and Loading halls is underway. Preparation for blinding in Experimental Hall 3 (E01) is ongoing, and refill has begun for the adjoining lab area, E04. At the Target station, 40 of the 42 bored piles in the Monolith are complete. The Hot Cell area has all 21 concrete rings and one pile complete, with five additional piles prepared for casting.
 
Refill of the emergency exits, HEBT Loading Bay, FEB and top of the Accelerator tunnel continues. PHOTO: ESS
 
Side view of the 62-meter-long Dog-Leg section. PHOTO: ESS
 
Preparation of the Target Hot Cell area. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 12 — 21 March 2016
An important milestone was reached this week for the Accelerator tunnel with the casting of the final roof slab, E25b, on the FEB side. The Dog-Leg section had its last major vault completed, with only one smaller vault remaining. Preparation for vault casting begins now for the Dog-Leg emergency exit. Backfill of the HEBT Loading Bay continues on the tunnel roof and emergency exits. Work is also ongoing to erect steel frames in the large Gallery building (G02), with floor casting begun in the Cold Box hall. In the Target area, 39 of the 42 bored piles as well as six piles in the Hot Cell section are completed, and in the Target building, 3 roof slabs are ready in the Experimental Halls.
 
The final vault of the Accelerator tunnel is cast. PHOTO: ESS
 
Dog-Leg emergency exit being prepared for initial vault casting. PHOTO: ESS
 
Ongoing backfill of the HEBT Loading Bay. PHOTO: ESS
 
Roof slab installed in Experimental Hall 1. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 11 — 14 March 2016
Preparations of the final roof slab of the Accelerator tunnel (E25b) are underway, with casting planned for next week. Only two top slabs remain in the Dog-Leg area thereafter. The Accelerator tunnel also had its first client installation this week—a 12-meter long stainless-steel Cryo Vent Pipe. Insulation and backfill activities are progressing at the HEBT Loading Bay, whereas the nearby Gallery Building (G02) will have a first base slab of floor sections 1-3 ready for casting next week. Testing and commissioning of the ABB switchgear in the main power station (H05) continues, and installation of the facade has begun. In the Monolith area of the Target Station, 38 of the 42 bored piles are now complete, and six piles are started in the Hot Cell section. In the Target building, work is ongoing to prepare the first top slabs of the Installation Galleries. The corner foundation is ready for the later installation of the first Target crane.
 
Large bored piles being installed in the Monolith area of the Target Station. PHOTO: ESS
 
The final roof slab of the Accelerator tunnel (G01) is prepared. PHOTO: ESS
 
Insulation and backfill are applied to the HEBT Loading Bay. PHOTO: ESS
 
Tests of the ABB switchgear are ongoing at main substation H05. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 9 — 29 February 2016
The large-diameter bored piling for the Monolith and Hot Cell areas of the Target Station progressed to 85% complete in spite of the difficulties of drilling through dolerite. The recent drilling of one hole took a full three days. Six of the 42 drilled piles remain. The Cryo-Compressor Building (G04) is now into roofing works, and the large Gallery (G02) and Central Utility (H01) buildings expand daily with the installation of steel and prefab concrete elements. The HEBT Loading Bay will soon disappear from site, as all repair and insulation work was finished last week and backfill will now begin. Following close behind will be the Accelerator tunnel, which now has a single roof slab left to be cast before it is complete.
 
Drone photo of the HEBT Loading Bay (foreground), Accelerator tunnel, Gallery Building, Cryo-Compressor Building, and the Central Utility Building (with crane). Backfill of the HEBT Loading Bay will begin this week. PHOTO: ESS
 
Large-diameter bored piling rig in action (left). The Gallery Building extending east along the Accelerator tunnel. PHOTOS: ESS
 
Week 8 — 22 February 2016
The complex High-Energy Beam Transport (HEBT) Loading Bay ramp that zig-zags off from the south side of the Accelerator tunnel reached substantial completion, with backfill to begin this week. Two more vault sections on the Accelerator tunnel were cast, E24b on the front end and E02b on the target end, meaning the tunnel remains on schedule to be completed March 10. Placement of precast elements and steel structure for the Gallery Building (G02) continues to progress rapidly, while facade work continues on the first two buildings to be completed, power stations H05 and H06. The lift pit for the first lab building, E04, is being outfitted with walls, and work on a gas storage area adjacent to the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04) has begun. The first of 21 large-diameter bored piles in the Target Station’s Hot Cell area (D02) also began last week.
 
Left: Stubs running along the completed sections of the Accelerator tunnel, with the completed HEBT Loading Bay ramp on the other side of the tunnel. Right: Workers building the walls for the E04 lab building lift pit. PHOTOS: ESS
 
Ground-level view of the Central Utility Building. PHOTO: ESS
 
Four aerial views from February 17, click for full size. Clockwise from top left: Gallery Building, Accelerator tunnel, and completed HEBT Loading Bay; Central Utility Building in progress, with smaller H06 power station to the left; concrete piling for the Experimental Halls and labs 150 meters out from the target; the Target Station in progress. PHOTOS: Perry Nordeng
 
Week 7 — 15 February 2016
Work on the installation tunnels that snake beneath the Target Station proceeded rapidly, with more than 370 cubic meters of concrete placed so far. This will literally pave the way for the start of foundation works for the Target Building (D02) next month. Excavation for a tower crane was begun in preparation for construction of the large instrument hall south of the Target Station (D01), and steel core piling for the Hot Cell area was completed, with drilling for the 21 bored piles now underway. Further progress was made on the erection of the Gallery Building (G02) steel structure, with precast elements and the floor slab progressing in the existing structure. The second transformer for the main power station (H05) was delivered and is now being installed. The Accelerator tunnel (G01) is meanwhile on schedule to have a complete roof in less than three weeks.
 
HEBT Loading Bay (left), Accelerator tunnel (center), and Gallery Building (right) all nearing structural completion. PHOTO: ESS
 
Infrastructure on the site is rapidly taking shape. Transformer for the power station (left), and some of the extensive piping works taking place across the site. PHOTOS: ESS
 
The Cryo-Compressor Building, linked to the Accelerator tunnel with a tunnel of its own, already completed and buried. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 6 — 8 February 2016
Concrete piles were installed marking the paths of the long neutron beam guides that will run more than 150 meters west from the Target Station to Experimental Hall 3 (E01). Works on the foundation and basement for the nearby lab building (E04) have progressed and concrete casting is near. Walls are now being cast for the Target Station installation tunnels, and 33 of the 42 large-diameter bored piles that will support the Monolith are complete. Work has begun on the additional 21 large piles for the Hot Cell area. The complex work for the roof of the Central Utility Building (H01), which will need to house and support exterior mechanical equipment, is now the focus there. Casting of the final concrete elements of the Accelerator tunnel (G01)—vaults, emergency exits, stubs and the retaining wall—continues steadily, while preparations have been made to begin casting the interior floor of the Gallery Building (G02).
 
Basement work for Experimental Halls Lab 3B (E04). In the background is the village of concrete piles for the Experimental Hall 3, where the instruments with the longest beam guides, up to 156 meters, will be housed. PHOTO: ESS
 
Roof works on the Central Utility Building. PHOTO: ESS
 
A first look at an ESS facade. Panels being installed on the electrical substation H06. PHOTO: ESS
 
Target Station installation and service tunnels. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 5 — 1 February 2016
The walls of the Accelerator tunnel (G01) were completed on Friday, running 537 meters from the Front End Building to the Target Station. Additional progress was made on several Stubs, the tunnel backfill and retaining wall, and on casting of the tunnel’s emergency exit structures. Substantial completion of the steel structure and precast walls for the Cryo-Compressor building (G04) was reached, and installation of roof panels has begun. The Target Monolith area saw the completion of four additional large-diameter bored piles, the installation of which remains on schedule for completion by the end of March. The switchgear for the distribution substation H06 was delivered this week in the form of 38 800-kilogram units. A full roundup of construction progress to date and what to expect in 2016 was posted to the website this week.
 
Here is a project summary. Please refer to the site plan for building number references:
  • 12 of 23 buildings commenced.
  • 2 at finishes stage (H05 and H06).
  • 1 at structure completion, MEP to commence (G01)
  • 3 at frame and facade stage (G02, G04, H01)
  • 6 at substructure (foundation) stage (D01, D02, D03, E01, E02, E04)
  • 9 buildings due to commence Q2-Q4 2016.
  • First building completions May 2016 (H05), September 2016 (H06)
  • First access (Accelerator Division) September 2016 (G04), November 2016 (G02).
  • Target Divison to commence parallel works on site May/June 2016.
 
Where the Accelerator tunnel meets the Front End Building. The tunnel's 537 meters of walls were completed this week. PHOTO: ESS
 
Shrinkwrapped switchgear for distribution substation H06. Thirty-eight 800-kg units were delivered this week. PHOTO: ESS
 
Accelerator tunnel emergency exit under construction. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 4 — 25 January 2016
Several more castings on the Accelerator tunnel were completed, leaving only 10 meters before the walls of the tunnel meet the Front End Building. Backfill of the tunnel sides has also progressed from the Dog-Leg area to the HEBT area, with dirt already being moved onto the top of the tunnel. The first casting in the Experimental Halls (E03) area was done this week, preparing the surface for the reinforcement and base slab soon to follow. Large-diameter bored piling in the monolith area of the Target Station (D02) just got a bit harder as the drills have encountered a layer of dolerite. Twenty-five are nonetheless now completed. Interior construction and roofing continue to progress on the Gallery Building (G02), and a major wall for the Central Utility Building (H01) was cast this week. The next expansion of the site offices has begun in order to accommodate the growing on-site staff.
Aerial views of the site from January 18, 2016. Click to see full-size images. Clockwise from top left: Target Station piling, Gallery Building and Accelerator tunnel dog-leg, Accelerator tunnel meeting the Front End Building, and piling and blinding in the Experimental Halls (E03) area. PHOTOS: Perry Nordeng
 
Week 3 — 18 January 2016
The Accelerator tunnel edged toward completion this week with the casting of vaults on the dog-leg section and section E22a near the Front End Building. This leaves about 70 meters to the Front End Building, and a 10-meter section on the Target end that will be the final vault cast. The adjacent Gallery Building (G02) moved into roofing works, with installation of interior wall panels and floor slabs underway. The Cryo-Compressor Building (G04) is taking shape with additional steel frame and precast concrete elements installed this week. In the Target monolith area, 22 of the 63 large-diameter bored piles are completed, with steel and concrete piling continuing in the adjacent areas. Walls and base slabs for the Target Station installation tunnels also continue to make steady progress.
 
View over the dog-leg ramp of the Accelerator tunnel and the piling works in the Target Staton area. PHOTO: ESS
 
Completed Accelerator tunnel stubs at their interface with the Gallery Building retaining wall. PHOTO: ESS
 
The Cryo-Compressor Building under construction. PHOTO: ESS
 
Week 2 — 11 January 2016
Excavation of the first ESS laboratory building (E04) began this week at the site of Laboratory 3B, to be located in Experimental Hall 3. Construction of the steel frame and precast concrete elements for both the Cryo-Compressor Building (G04) and the Central Utility Building (H01) has advanced, and the first two sections of the Gallery Building (G02) are undergoing facade and roofing work. Fourteen of the 30 concrete Stubs, which serve as the interface between the Gallery Building and the Accelerator tunnel, have now been completed. The vault for the Accelerator tunnel is now cast through section E21. Extension of the large retaining wall along the north side of the tunnel continues to follow in the tunnel’s wake as does the gradual backfill along the sides of the tunnel. The extensive foundation and tunnel works for the Target Station area are progressing steadily.
 
Facade and roofing works on the Gallery Building. PHOTO: ESS
 
The Accelerator tunnel dog-leg approach to the Target Station. PHOTO: ESS
 
Steel structure and prefab concrete walls for the Cryo-Compressor Building. PHOTO: ESS
 
Orthographic Photo — 6 January 2016
A composite flight-scanning photo created by the site's surveying team. Click to see the full-size image (31 MB).
 
 
Week 1 — 4 January 2016
Work on the ESS construction site resumed this week with ice, snow and low temperatures. At this time last year, the first walls of the Accelerator tunnel were being prepared for casting, work had not yet begun on any of the permanent buildings, and excavation of the Target Station area was still a month away. Construction of the tunnel is now less than 50 meters from the Front End Building, several permanent buildings are in progress, with some now as far along as HVAC and facade work, and the complex piling of the Target Station is well advanced. The number of site workers has increased from around 40 to more than 200. 
 
Below are two aerial photographs of the ESS construction site separated by one year's time. The first photograph is from December 2014, and the second from December 2015. Click each photograph to enlarge.
 
The European Spallation Source site, December 2014. PHOTO: Perry Nordeng
 
The European Spallation Source site, December 2015. PHOTO: Perry Nordeng
 
Week 51 — 14 December 2015
The final aerial photographs of the site from 2015, taken on 15 December. Click each one to see it in high-resolution.
 
The Target Station and Experimental Hall areas. Large-diameter bored piles are being installed at the center area to support the Target Monolith. PHOTO: Perry Nordeng
 
The completed sections of the Accelerator tunnel flanked by the Gallery Building (above) and the HEBT Loading Bay (below). PHOTO: Perry Nordeng
 
Overview of the area within Circular Road. Excavation and piling for the Experimental Halls can be seen in the foreground above the drainage ponds. PHOTO: Perry Nordeng
 
The Accelerator tunnel emergency exit (bottom left) and the HEBT Loading Bay (top right) in progress. PHOTO: Perry Nordeng
 

 

 

Go to the 2015 weekly updates page ►

Site Plans

 

 

 

 

 
 
Site Plan: Overview, Building Numbers
rev. G: 26-Aug-2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction Layout
22-Dec-2015
 

 

 
 
 
Accelerator Tunnel Progress
29-Feb-2016 
 

Site Aerial Views

Please click the image for a high-resolution photo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

17 February 2016

 

 

 

 

 

18 January 2016

 

 

 

 

 

15 December 2015

 

 

 

 

 

20 November 2015

 

 

 

 

 

27 October 2015

 

 

 

 

 

18 September 2015

 

 

 

 

 

18 August 2015

 

 

 

 

 

2 July 2015

 

 

 

 

 

5 June 2015

 

 

 

 

 

5 May 2015

 

 

 

 

 

10 April 2015

 

 

 

 

 

9 March 2015

Click for high-resolution photo.

 

 

 

 

 

5 February 2015

 

 

 

 

 

3 December 2014

 

 

 

 

 

28 October 2014

 

 

 

 

 

18 September 2014

 

 

 

 

 

21 August 2014

 

 

 

 

 

22 July 2014

 

 

 

 

 

March 2014

 

 

 

 

 
 
Early 2013 satellite image

 

AERIAL PHOTOS: Perry Nordeng